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Phase I & II Assessments

Bradfield Environmental Services, Inc. provides Phase I and II Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) for commercial real estate transactions. The purpose of these investigations as provided in ASTM practice E 1527-05, is to define good commercial and customary practice for conducting an environmental site assessment of a parcel of commercial real estate with respect to the range of contaminants within the scope of Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and petroleum products. This practice is intended to permit a user to satisfy one of the requirements to qualify for the innocent landowner defense to CERCLA liability.

The recently released ASTM Standard E 2600, "Standard Practice for Assessment of Vapor Intrusion into Structures on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions" addresses vapor intrusion (VI) arising from contaminated soil and groundwater specifically as it can impact real estate transactions. While VI is a non-scope consideration in E 1527 (under "indoor air quality" exclusion), VI may be included as a supplement to a Phase I investigation similar to the presence of asbestos and lead-based paint.

Bradfield Environmental Sevices, Inc. includes a Tier I Vapor Intrusion Screen as part of all Phase I Environmental Site Assessments at no extra charge.


Arthur Bradfield, president of Bradfield Environmental Services, Inc., has over 23 years of experience in environmental studies. Mr. Bradfield personally conducts all site visits, compiles and reviews all required environmental records, and prepares all Phase I Assessment Reports. Because of the tremendous expense that can occur with the clean up of environmental contamination, make sure your Phase I Assessment eliminates your risk to CERCLA liability.

In defining a standard of good commercial and customary practice for conducting an environmental site assessment of a parcel of property, the goal of the processes established by this practice is to identify recognized environmental conditions. The term recognized environmental conditions means the presence or likely presence of any hazardous substances or petroleum products on the property under conditions that indicate an existing release, a past release, or a material threat of a release of such material on the property or into the ground, ground water, or surface water of the property.

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